Henderyck Yannsen Rooseboom

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ChartsAncestors of Edward Ambrose Cooke
Henderyck Yannsen Rooseboom, whose ancestry is unknown (or not traced here), was born at Holland, before 1630.1 He died at Albany, Albany Co., New York, 4 November 1703.2,1

Henderyck married (1) Gysbertje Lansing, daughter of Gerrit Frederick Lansing, about 1660;1,2 he married (2) Tryntje Janse Van Breestede, whose ancestry is unknown or not traced here, at Albany, Albany Co., New York, 5 December 1695.2,1

His exact origins and parentage in Holland are not known. When he died in 1703, he characterized as "an old man." When he first appears in American records (1760), he was active, appointed to positions of trust, and had "substantial means," so was probably born between 1625-1630. As to location, the following analysis was made in 1896:

"...serveral indications point to the district East of the Zuider Zee. The Lansings, his wife's people, came from Hasselt, in Overyssell. The Roosebooms now living atthe Hague came from Dalen, in Drenthe, and the ancstors of others living at Arnhem came from Elburg, in the same province of Gelderland. Finally, a letter of inquiry concerning family relationships was sent many years since to Abraham Roseboom, of Cherry Valley, by one of the name at Harderwyk, Gelderland. These places are but a few miles apart, and from some one of them in all probability the pioneer set out for the wilds of "Nieuwe Niederlanden."

Dutch naming practices (his patronymic middle-name, given variously as Yannsen, Jannsen, or Janse, and his eldest son Johannes indicate that was his father's name as well.

There was a ship "Roseboom" transiting the Atlantic at this time, but no connection with Henderyck is known.

His name first appears in the Fort Orange (Albany) records on a petition to allow only Dutch and Indian brokers to trade with the Indians, prohibiting others from doing so.

He bought a house and lot, 13 Sep 1662 for "550 guilders, payable in good merchantable beavers, at eight guilders apiece, in two installments, in July '63 and '64." The sellers made their marks, but Roseboom signed the deed. On 16 Nov he was "surety with J. J. Schermerhooren for Jurriaen Janssen in the purchase of a house from the estate of Andries Herbersen, for the benefit of the widow."

"Less than a month later, October 5th, of the same year, he appears before the clerk and commissaries of Fort Orange and Beverwyck with his sureties to take over from Jan Gerritse Van Marcken the offic of 'Farmer (Pacht) of the Slaughter Excise,' for the collection revenue fromthe butchering of beasts of all kinds throughout the settlement, the office having been offered to the highest bidder, and his bid being 750 guilden. Ever animal slaughtered was taxed one stuiver for each guilden of its worth, or if paid for in beaver-skins, (a very usual currency) 20 stuivers per beaver 'in good seewant,' i. e., wampum (seawant). Mr. Roseboom held this office in subsequent years, paying 790 guilders at one time, and making his payments tothe authorities quarterly. A similar 'Wine and Beer Excise' was bid off at 2900 g. by other parties, but it was carefully specified in this case that the seewant be 'well strung, 12 white and 8 black tothe stiver.' Perhaps the topers got tangled upand broke the strings of their wampum, and at times could not tell white from black.!

The sobriety of character implied by this distinction suits well with Hendrick Rooseboom's appointment tothe office of Voorlezer, or Public Reader, in the ancient Reformed Protestant church, a position which confirms the impression that he was a man of education and of character commanding respect. The first mention of this is some years after his appointment, in a petition of the Lutherans of Willemstadt, dated 1674, for leave to bury their dead, remonstrating against employing the official of the Reformed church. It runs: 'To the Rt. Honble Myn Heer Anthony Colve, Governr General of N. Netherland--Those of the Ausburgh confession represent with due respect, that your Petitioners are ordered in cases of burial of their dead to pay the Sexton (Aanspreecker) of the Reformed Church, notwithstanding, they employ their own Sexton. It is also welknown to all that Mr. Roosenboom hath addressed a petition on that subject tothe Honble Heer General above named, to be favored therein; which petition had no result, but the Heer Laval being come up, said in full court, in date the 7th Nov., 1672, he had authority as to Roosenboom's petition.' Wherefore they argue, 'Let the Dead bury their Dea; for with what free conscience can your Precentor go and act for the Lutherans, for they have more ceremonies than the Reformed: Whereupon at that time he had no more to say, and was as well. Wherefore your Petitioners, for aforesaid reasons, approach your Honour requesting most humbly that they may enjoy what they have been granted; and as Your Petitioners, Brethren at N. Orange, enjoy the same, that they further may bury their dead without notifying Mr. Roosenboom, but employ their own Sexton and no one else. Whereupon they expect a favorable answer. Your Honors affectionate Subjects, Berhardus Anthony, V. D. M.'

"The terms 'sexton' and precentor' here occurring are the English translations of the two Dutch words expressive of functions discharged by the Boorlezer in connection with his proper capacity as church reader, as is seen from later documents, although the titles are used indifferently and are much confused in the translations, owing to the difference of the customs prevailing among the English. Thus, 'Mayor's court Nov. 19, 1695, Whereas Hed Roseboom, Boorlezer in ye church of ye Citty of Albany doth appear here & desyreth that consideration may be used that his sallery may be paid, being he stand in need of same.' Again in 1701, 'Ye Petition of Hend. Roseboom ye Church Reader,' is laid before the Supervisors by 'ye Justices of ye Citty & County,' and payment advised. The Voorlezer seems to have suffered as much from dilatory payments as some servants of the church in later times. Funerals were affairs of the utmost pomp and expense which the estates of the deceased could bear, the estimation in which they were held being guaged by the splendor of the occasion. The Aanspreecker, literally 'inviter,' the person sent round with invitations to a funeral, conducted the ceremonies as undertaker, a function which went with that of Leader of the responses in public worship, including the reading of sermons in the absense of a clergyman. On the other hand, the labor of grave digging was discharged by another person, as will apear futher on. The Voorlezer would usually be the Boorzinger, or precentor, as well, and the former office seems gradually to have been replaced by the latter. This office Mr. Roseboom held till his death in 1703."

The only constant in life being change, such was true for Hendrick. The English became masters of the colony in 1664. Fort Orange and Beverwyck merged to form the City of Albany, chartered in 1686. Rooseboom's name, under the English influence, gradually became Roseboom. He himself became known as "Senior" to distinguish between him and his son.

In England, the Stuart dynasty was replaced by the Dutch William of Orange in 1688. This did not sit well with the general population, and in 1698, the House of Commons forced him to dismiss his Dutch guards. Shortly thereafter came a requirement for an "Oath of Allegiance to the King" from the residents of Albany, Jan. 4, 1699. Among the subscribers were Henderick and his sons Johannes, Gerrit, Henderick, and Myndert. There were no other Rosebooms.

He last appears alive on 15 Sep 1702, when he as 'Sexton of this Citty appear in Common Council and desyres they will be pleased to confirm him in said office.' This was granted, but on 13 Dec1703, Anthony Bratt by petition "humbly prays, since Mr. Hendrik Roseboom, late Sexton of this citty, deceased, that they will be pleased to apoint him to attend and doe ye services of ye said office of Sexton in such Manner as ye same lately did appertain unto ye said Roseboom and to grant him ye like Perquisites thereof. The Commonality, takeing ye said Pettion into consideration, have granted ye said office of Sexton of ye Citty together with ye Perquisites thereof unto ye said Bratt, in such Manner as ye same was given and granted unto ye said Roseboom always provided that John Ratcliffe shall yet continue in ye service of that office and receive such perquisites thereof for digging of graves as he did ye time and being of ye sd Mr. Roseboom, deceased."1

Family 1

Gysbertje Lansing d. abt. 1695
Children
  • Johannes Roseboom2,1 b. abt. 1663
  • Garit Roseboom2,1 b. say 1665
  • Margarita Roseboom2,1 b. say 1666
  • Hendrick Roseboom2,1 b. say 1669
  • Elizabeth Roseboom2,1 b. say 1672
  • Myndert Roseboom+2,1 b. say 1675, d. 20 Oct 1722

Family 2

Tryntje Janse Van Breestede d. 1711

Citations

  1. [S145] Catharine Roseboom, J. Livingston Roseboom, Henry U. Swinnerton and Joseph H. White, A Brief History of the Ancestors and Descendants of John Roseboom (1739-1805) and of Jesse Johnson (1745-1832): 1630-1897 (Cherry Valley, New York: Co-operative Press, 1897), 13-20, further cited as Roseboom, et al., Roseboom Ancestry.
  2. [S386] Jonathan Pearson, Contributions for the Genealogies of the Descendants of the First Settlers of the Ancient County of Albany, from 1630 to 1800 (1872; reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1984), 92-93, further cited as Pearson, Genealogies of the First Settlers of Albany.