Edward Culver

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Edward Culver, whose ancestry is unknown (or not traced here), was born at England, say 1615.1 He died at New London, Connecticut, in 1685.1

Edward married Ann Ellis, whose ancestry is unknown (or not traced here), at Dedham, Norfolk Co., Massachusetts, 19 September 1638.1,2

He settled in Dedham, Massachusetts, as the sixty-eighth signer of the Dedham covenant in 1636. The Pequot Indian War occurred in 1637, and Edward served as a scout, being on good terms with some of the tribes who accompanied him on his expeditions. He helped recruit Chief Uncas and his band of Mohicans to aid the colonists. The Pequots were routed. Uncas held Culver in high esteem and later named his son after Colver's second son, Joshua.

On 28 Nov 1637, he was granted 2 acres to pursue his trade (wheelwright). He and Ann were married 19 Sep 1638, the second entry in the records of the First Church of Dedham. Ann was admitted to membership in the church 17 Sep 1641, and their first child was baptized two days later. He was granted additional land 19 Jul 1639, 6 Feb 1642, 4 Feb 1644, and 3 Feb 1645. He is mentioned in the minutes of the town meetings held 1 Jan 1643 and 1644. He is also listed in many affairs of the town. He sold some of his land 26 Feb 1643. He still owned land in Dedham but about 1645 he removed to Roxbury, and in 1651, sold all of his remaining Dedham holdings.

He helped the Winthrops build a fort at Saybrook, at the mouth of the Connecticut River.

In Roxbury, he was alloted 12 and 1/2 acres in 1648. In 1650-51 he built a grist mill for Governor Winthrop.

In 1653, he removed to New London, Connecticut where he purchased a lot from Robert Burrows and on 20 Nov 1653 was granted land as "Goodman Culver."

For his Pequot war service, in 1652/3, Edward was granted 200 acres near the head of the Mystic River, and 400 acres more further to the northwest in 1654. He built a house with accomodations for travelers and a water powered grist mill. Later, his son Joshua would build north of him, and it was this building site the Winthrops would win in a lengthy court battle in 1681.

Edward and Ann sold land in New London, 10 Feb 1661/2, both signing by mark.

5 May 1662, Edward Culver was allowed to brew beer and make bread. In 1664, he deeded the homestead at Pequot to his son John. Edward moved to the 400 acre farm called "Chepadas", where he lived until after the close of King Philip's War. He was allowed to sell liquors, 9 Jan 1664/5. With wife Ann, he conveyed to Robert Burros, 17 Mar 1664/5. They sold property to "our eldest son" John Culver, 25 Nov 1667.

In 1675, he and his four sons joined the fight with King Philip and took part in the "Swamp Fight" near Tiverton, Rhode Island. Edward Colver is mentioned as serving as a scout for Capt Dennison who led the Connecticut men. Jacobus feels this refers to Edward Jr., due to the advanced age (60 or more) of Edward Sr. I tend to think that with his experience in the Pequot war, this really does refer to Edward Sr., as scouting was probably a less physically demanding job than ordinary foot soldier.

Edward Culver Sr. of New London sold land to his son Joseph, 1 May 1676. In 1678, Edward and wife Ann deeded the "Chepadas" farm to their sons Joseph and Ephraim and moved to a house in Mystic built by son Joshua in 1668. Edward Culver Sr., of New London, wheelwright, "in consideration of my own age and weakness of memory and understanding," gave land to his wife Ann, 28 Jul 1682, signing by mark.

The inventory of Edward's estate was exhibited and administration granted to John Culver, 2 Jun 1685.

Ann and Edward are buried in what is now Wightman Cemetery, operated by the First Baptist Church of Groton. This site lies on land that was originally granted to Edward for his services during the Pequot wars. Two small stones were discovered there, with crudely cut initials, A.C. and E.C. A later monument, erected in 1982, more fully identifies the couple.3,4,1

Family

Ann Ellis b. 1 Jul 1619, d. aft. 1681
Children
  • John Culver1 b. 19 Sep 1641, d. 1725
  • Joshua Culver+1 b. 12 Jan 1643, d. 23 Apr 1713
  • Samuel Culver1 b. 9 Jan 1645
  • Joseph Culver1 b. 20 Sep 1646, d. 1731
  • Gershom Culver1 b. 3 Dec 1648, d. 1715
  • (---) Culver1 b. 1651, d. 21 Jan 1651
  • Hannah Culver1 b. 11 Apr 1652, d. 1733
  • Edward Culver1 b. say 1654, d. 7 Apr 1732
  • Ephraim Culver1 b. say 1656, d. 1716

Citations

  1. [S102] W. Herbert Wood, "Additions and Corrections to the Colver-Culver Genealogy," The American Genealogist 31 (Jul 1955): 129-154, at 128-133, further cited as Wood, "Corrections to the Colver-Culver Genealogy."
  2. [S1872] Clarence Almon Torrey, New England Marriages Prior to 1700, 3 vols. (Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2011), 403, further cited as Torrey, New England Marriages (2011).
  3. [S53] Donald Lines Jacobus, Families of Ancient New Haven, 9 vols. in 3 (1924-1932; reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1974), 465-66, further cited as Jacobus, New Haven Families.
  4. [S101] Valarie Dyer Giorgi, Colver-Culver Family Genealogy (Santa Maria, California: BookCrafters, 1984), 5-15, further cited as Giorgi, Culver Family.
This person was last edited on16 Sep 2017